Webster’s 1828 and Bible

(Numbers In Bold & Underlined Apply and are Appropriate)




HEART, n. L. cor, cordis, and allied to Eng.core, or named from motion, pulsation.


1. A muscular viscus, which is the primary organ of the blood's motion in an animal body, situated in the thorax. From this organ all the arteries arise, and in it all the veins terminate. By its alternate dilatation and contraction, the blood is received from the veins, and returned through the arteries, by which means the circulation is carried on and life preserved.


2. The inner part of any thing; the middle part or interior; as the heart of a country, kingdom or empire; the heart of a town; the heart of a tree.


3. The chief part; the vital part; the vigorous or efficacious part.


4. The seat of the affections and passions, as of love, joy, grief, enmity, courage, pleasure &c.


The heart is deceitful above all things. Every imagination of the thoughts of the heart is evil continually. We read of an honest and good heart, and an evil heart of unbelief, a willing heart, a heavy heart, sorrow of heart, a hard heart, a proud heart, a pure heart. The heart faints in adversity, or under discouragement, that is, courage fails; the heart is deceived, enlarged, reproved, lifted up, fixed, established, moved, &c.


5. By a metonymy, heart is used for an affection or passion, and particularly for love.


The king's heart was towards Absalom. 2 Samuel 14.


6. The seat of the understanding; as an understanding heart. We read of men wise in heart, and slow of heart.


7. The seat of the will; hence, secret purposes, intentions or designs. There are many devices in a man's heart. The heart of kings is unsearchable. The Lord tries and searches the heart. David had it in his heart to build a house of rest for the ark.


Sometimes heart is used for the will, or determined purpose.


The heart of the sons of men is fully set in them to do evil. Ecclesiastes 8.


8. Person; character; used with respect to courage or kindess.


Cheerly, my hearts.


9. Courage; spirit; as, to take heart; to give heart; to recover heart.


10. Secret thoughts; recesses of the mind.


Michal saw king David leaping and dancing before the Lord, and she despised him in her heart. 2 Samuel 6.


11. Disposition of mind.


He had a heart to do well.


12. Secret meaning; real intention.


And then show you the heart of my message.


13. Conscience, or sense of good or ill.


Every man's heart and conscience--doth either like or disallow it.


14. Strength; power of producing; vigor; fertility. Keep the land in heart.


That the spent earth may gather heart again.


15. The utmost degree.


This gay charm--hath beguiled me


To the very heart of loss.


To get or learn by heart, to commit to memory; to learn so perfectly as to be able to repeat without a copy.


To take to heart, to be much affected; also, to be zealous, ardent or solicitous about a thing; to have concern.


To lay to heart, is used nearly in the sense of the foregoing.


To set the heart on, to fix the desires on; to be very desirous of obtaining or keeping; to be very fond of.


To set the heart at rest, to make one's self quiet; to be tranquil or easy in mind.


To find in the heart, to be willing or disposed.


I find it in my heart to ask your pardon.


For my heart, for tenderness or affection.


I could not for my heart refuse his request.


Or, this phrase may signify, for my life; if my life was at stake.


I could not get him for my heart to do it.


To speak to one's heart, in Scripture, to speak kindly to; to comfort; to encourage.


To have in the heart, to purpose; to have design or intention.


A hard heart, cruelty; want of sensibility.




The heart is that faculty within a man or woman which is the center or seat of our 1 thoughts, 2 meditations, 3 considerations, 4 perceptions,

5 concepts,6 reasoning, 7 understanding, 8 beliefs, 9 imaginations, 10 fears, 11 doubts, 12 counsels, 13 intents, 14 desires (affections - emotions),

and 15 pride. The heart is where the 16 will resides and operates.


(1. Job 17:11; 2. Psalms 19:14; 3. Deuteronomy 8:5; 4. Deuteronomy 29:4; 5. Acts 5:4; 6. Mark 2:8; 7. Proverbs 8:5; 8. Romans 10:9-10;

9. Genesis 6:5; 10. Isaiah 35:4, Luke 21:26; 11.  Mark 11:23; 12. Jeremiah 7:24; 13. Hebrews 4:12; 14. Psalms 37:4, Colossians 3:2;

15. 2 Chronicles 32:26; 16. Psalms 101:2, Psalms 119:69, Psalms 119:145, Isaiah 32:6, 1 Corinthians 7:37, Ephesians 6:6.)





CONSCIENCE, n. L., to know, to be privy to.


1. Internal or self-knowledge, or judgment of right and wrong; or the faculty, power or principle within us, which decides on the lawfulness or unlawfulness of our own actions and affections, and instantly approves or condemns them. Conscience is called by some writers the moral sense, and considered as an original faculty of our nature. Others question the propriety of considering conscience as a distinct faculty or principle. The consider it rather as the general principle of moral approbation or disapprobation, applied to ones own conduct and affections; alledging that our notions of right and wrong are not to be deduced from a single principle or faculty, but from various powers of the understanding and will.


Being convicted by their own conscience, they went out one by one. John 8.


The conscience manifests itself in the feeling of obligation we experience, which precedes, attends and follows our actions.


Conscience is first occupied in ascertaining our duty, before we proceed to action; then in judging of our actions when performed.


2. The estimate or determination of conscience; justice; honesty.


What you require cannot, in conscience, be deferred.


3. Real sentiment; private thought; truth; as, do you in conscience believe the story?


4. Consciousness; knowledge of our own actions or thought.


The sweetest cordial we receive at last, is conscience of our virtuous actions past.


This primary sense of the word is nearly, perhaps wholly obsolete.


5. Knowledge of the actions of others.


6. In ludicrous language, reason or reasonableness.


Half a dozen fools are, in all conscience, as many as you should require.


To make conscience or a matter of conscience, is to act according to the dictates of conscience, or to scruple to act contrary to its dictates.


Court of conscience, a court established for the recovery of small debts in London and other trading cities and districts.




The conscience is that faculty within a man or woman wherein resides the awareness of right and wrong (good and evil), and which influences the heart and mind

as to the lawfulness or unlawfulness of our own affections & actions. According to the Scriptures the human heart and conscience are separate and distinct from

each other in purpose and in operation.




MIND, n. L. reminiscor; L. mens; Gr. memory, mention, to remember, mind, ardor of mind, vehemence; anger. Mind signifies properly intention, a reaching or inclining forward to an object, from the primary sense of extending, stretching or inclining, or advancing eagerly, pushing or setting forward, whence the Greek sense of the word, in analogy with the Teutonic mod, moed, muth, mind, courage, spirit, mettle. So L. animus, animosus.


1. Intention; purpose; design.

The sacrifice of the wicked is abomination; how much more, when he bringeth it with a wicked mind. Proverbs 21.


2. Inclination; will; desire; a sense much used, but expressing less than settled purpose; as in the common phrases, "I wish to know your mind;" "let me know your mind;" "he had a mind to go;" "he has a partner to his mind."


3. Opinion; as, to express one's mind. We are of one mind.


4. Memory; remembrance; as, to put one in mind; to call to mind; the fact is out of my mind; time out of mind. From the operations of the intellect in man,this word came to signify.


5. The intellectual or intelligent power in man; the understanding; the power that conceives, judges or reasons.


I fear I am not in my perfect mind.


So we speak of a sound mind, a disordered mind, a weak mind, a strong mind, with reference to the active powers of the understanding; and in a passive sense, it denotes capacity, as when we say, the mind cannot comprehend a subject.


6. The heart or seat of affection.


Which were a grief of mind to Isaac and Rebekah. Genesis 26.


7. The will and affection; as readiness of mind. Acts 17.


8. The implanted principle of grace. Romans 7.


MIND, v.t. To attend to; to fix the thoughts on; to regard with attention.


Cease to request me; let us mind our way.


Mind not high things. Romans 12.


1. To attend to or regard with submission; to obey. His father told him to desist, but he would not mind him.


2. To put in mind; to remind.


3. To intend; to mean.


MIND, v.i. To be inclined or disposed to incline.


When one of them mindeth to go into rebellion.




The mind is that faculty within a man or woman wherein resides our intellect or intelligence. In the Bible the mind is separate and distinct from the heart in purpose, though similar in function and operation.





SPIR'IT, n. L. spiritus, from spiro, to breathe, to blow. The primary sense is to rush or drive.


1. Primarily, wind; air in motion; hence, breath. All bodies have spirits and pneumatical parts within them. This sense is now unusual.


2. Animal excitement, or the effect of it; life; ardor; fire; courage; elevation or vehemence of mind. The troops attacked the enemy with great spirit. The young man has the spirit of youth. He speaks or act with spirit. Spirits, in the plural, is used in nearly a like sense. The troops began to recover their spirits.


3. Vigor of intellect; genius. His wit, his beauty and his spirit. The noblest spirit or genius cannot deserve enough of mankind to pretend to the esteem of heroic virtue.


4. Temper; disposition of mind, habitual or temporary; as a man of a generous spirit, or of a revengeful spirit; the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit. Let us go to the house of God in the spirit of prayer.


5. The soul of man; the intelligent, immaterial and immortal part of human beings. See Soul. the spirit shall return to God that gave it. Ecclesiastes 12.


6. An immaterial intelligent substance. Spirit is a substance in which thinking, knowing, doubting, and a power of moving do subsist. Hence,


7. An immaterial intelligent being. By which he went and preached to the spirit in prison. I Peter 3. God is a spirit. John 4.


8. Turn of mind; temper; occasions; state of the mind. A perfect judge will read each work of wit, with the same spirit that its author writ.


9. Powers of mind distinct from the body. In spirit perhaps he also saw Rich Mexico, the seat of Montezume.


10. Sentiment; perception. You spirit is too true, your fears too certain.


11. Eager desire; disposition of mind excited and directed to a particular object. God has made a spirit of building succeed a spirit of pulling down.


12. A person of activity; a man of life, vigor or enterprise. The watery kingdom is no bar to stop the foreign spirits, but they come.


13. Persons distinguished by qualities of the mind. Such spirits as he desired to please, such would I choose for my judges.


14. Excitement of mind; animation; cheerfulness; usually in the plural. We found our friend in very good spirits. He has a great flow of spirits. -To sing thy praise, would heaven my breath prolong, Infusing spirits worthy such a song.


15. Life or strength of resemblance; essential qualities; as, to set off the face in its true spirit. The copy has not the spirit of the original.


16. Something eminently pure and refined. Nor doth the eye itself, that most pure spirit of sense, behold itself.


17. That which hath power or energy; the quality of any substance which manifest life, activity, or the power of strongly affecting other bodies; as the spirit of wine or of any liquor.


18. A strong, pungent or stimulation liquor, usually obtained by distillation, as rum, brandy, gin, whiskey. In America, spirit, used without other words explanatory of its meaning, signifies the liquor distilled from cane-juice, or rum. We say, new spirit, or old spirit, Jamaica spirit, &c.


19. An apparition; a ghost.


20. The renewed nature of man. Matthew 26. Galatians 5.


21. The influences of the Holy Spirit. Matthew 22.




The spirit (pertaining only to mankind) is that substance [which is given by God] within a man or woman wherein our very life resides i.e. the spirit is life itself.

In the Bible the spirit is separate and distinct from the heart and the soul in purpose, though it may have some similar characteristics.





SOUL, n.


1. The spiritual, rational and immortal substance in man, which distinguishes him from brutes; that part of man which enables him to think and reason, and which renders him a subject of moral government. The immortality of the soul is a fundamental article of the Christian system. Such is the nature of the human soul that it must have a God, an object of supreme affection.


2. The understanding; the intellectual principle. The eyes of our soul then only begin to see, when our bodily eye are closing.


3. Vital principle. Thou son, of this great world both eye and soul.


4. Spirit; essence; chief part; as charity, the soul of all the virtues. Emotion is the soul of eloquence.


5. Life; animation principle or part; as, an able commander is the soul of an army.


6. Internal power. There is some soul of goodness in things evil.


7. A human being; a person. There was no a soul present. In Paris there are more than seven hundred thousand souls. London, Westminster, Southwark and the suburbs, are said to contain twelve hundred thousand souls.


8. Animal life. To deliver their soul from death, and to keep them alive in famine. Psalms 33:19


9. Active power. And heaven would fly before the driving soul.


10. Spirit; courage; fire; grandeur of mind. That he wants caution he must needs confess, but not a soul to give our arms success.


11. Generosity; nobleness of mind; a colloquial use.


12. An intelligent being. Every soul in heaven shall bend the knee.


13. Heart; affection. The soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David. I Samuel 18.


14. In Scripture, appetite; as the full soul; the hungry soul. Proverbs 27. Job 33.


15. A familiar compellation of a person, but often expressing some qualities of the mind; as alas, poor soul; he was a good soul.




According to the Scriptures the soul is that substance within a man or a woman, which is created at the moment of birth, (when the body receives the spirit) and

which is the very essence of their being. The soul within a man or woman is that substance that distinguishes mankind from all of the other living creatures in

God’s creation. The soul is that substance which separates an individual from every other individual and makes them unique.